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From Seed to Harvest: Starting Onions and Peppers Made Easy

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starting onions and peppers

It’s February, time to start some seeds! Welcome to our latest podcast episode where we dive into the exciting world of gardening! Today, we’re discussing everything you need to know about starting onions and peppers from seed. It just so happens that onions and peppers are great companions, both starting them and growing them. Join us as we share our experiences, tips, and tricks to help you kickstart your garden this season.

Planning Your Garden: Onions and Peppers

In this episode we have a tomato taste and talk about creating the kind of atmosphere in your garden where you love to spend time. The best thing for a garden is the presence of the gardener.We tasted Dwarf Awsome, Dwarf Mulatka, Dwarf Metallica, Apricot Zebra, and JerusalemWhatever you do to increase your enjoyment when you spend time in your garden is a good thing. Whether it is a place to sit and relax, or flowers, or art, or anything, it will be a benefit.For Karen it is flowers. "I love to place flowers in and around the garden. While I'm there cutting flowers to take inside my house, I will notice things. Like some weeds that need to be pulled, or suckers that need to be plucked. Being in the midst of the plants helps me attend to the details."For Sherva it is a chair to relax and have a beverage. "In between sips I'm walking my garden, enjoying the fruits of my labor, noticing this and that."We also discuss some of the measures we are taking to endure the oppressive heat we are all experiencing this summer.  Thank you for joining us on another episode of "Grow it, Sow it, Cook it"! 🌟 We're grateful for your company and enthusiasm for the world of gardening and cooking. If you enjoyed today's episode, don't miss out on future ones – hit that subscribe button so you never miss a moment of our gardening and culinary adventures. For more in-depth articles, gardening tips, and mouthwatering recipes, visit our website at There, you'll find a wealth of resources to enhance your gardening journey and elevate your culinary creations. We appreciate each listener and the growing community we're nurturing together. Your support means the world to us. Stay tuned for more exciting episodes, and until next time, happy gardening and happy cooking! 🌿🍽️
  1. Making Your Garden a Place Where You Want to Be
  2. Tomato Taste Test and Getting Ready for the Fall Garden
  3. Creative Cocktails from the Garden
  4. Six Invasive Plants Every Mid-Atlantic Homeowner Should Know
  5. To Pinch or Not to Pinch: It's the Gardener's Prerogative

Incidentally, Puxatawny Phil has predicted an early spring. Hurray! Time to get those seeds started.

Welcome to our beginner’s guide to starting pepper and onion seeds! Whether you’re a seasoned gardener or just starting, this step-by-step guide will walk you through the process of successfully germinating and nurturing your pepper and onion seeds.

1. Gather Your Materials:

  • Seed trays or pots
  • Seed starting mix
  • Seeds (peppers and onions)
  • Watering can or spray bottle
  • Plastic dome or plastic wrap (optional)
  • Grow lights or sunny window

2. Prepare Your Seed Trays or Pots:

  • Fill trays or pots with seed starting mix, leaving about ¼ inch from the top.
  • Lightly tamp down the soil to remove any air pockets.
  • Water the soil thoroughly and allow it to drain.

3. Starting Onions and Peppers:

  • Follow the instructions on the seed packet for planting depth and spacing.
  • Place 2-3 pepper seeds in each cell or pot.
  • For onions, feel free to over-seed, planting as many as 15 or 20 seeds in a pot.
  • Cover the seeds lightly with soil and gently press down.

4. Provide Optimal Growing Conditions:

  • Place the seed trays or pots in a warm location with indirect sunlight or under grow lights.
  • A heat mat will create the optimal environment for heat-loving seeds like peppers and onions.
  • Maintain a consistent temperature of around 70-80°F (21-27°C) for optimal germination.
  • Keep the soil consistently moist but not waterlogged by watering from the bottom or using a spray bottle.

5. Monitor and Care for Your Seedlings:

  • Once the seeds have germinated, remove any plastic domes or plastic wrap.
  • Continue to provide adequate light and water as needed.
  • Thin out weaker seedlings, leaving only the strongest one per cell or pot.
  • Fertilize your seedlings with a diluted liquid fertilizer every 2-4 weeks.
  • As your onions grow, trim the tops to train them to stand up. As they grow, keep them trimmed to 5 or 6 inches. This will strengthen them and help them to grow straight.

6. Transplanting Your Seedlings:

  • When the pepper seedlings have developed their first true leaves and are about 2-3 inches tall, they are ready to be transplanted into larger pots or the garden.
  • Harden off your seedlings by gradually exposing them to outdoor conditions for 7-10 days before transplanting.
  • Onion seedlings can be kept in their pots until the time of planting outside.
  • After hardening them off, cut the pots open and detangle the roots. Onion roots are tough and wiry and not prone to damage.

7. Planting in the Garden:

  • Choose a sunny location with well-drained soil for planting your pepper and onion seedlings.
  • Dig holes slightly larger than the root balls of your seedlings and gently transplant them into the ground.
  • Plant onions 4 to 6 inches apart, depending on the variety.
  • Plant peppers 8 to 12 inches apart, also depending on the variety.
  • Consider companion planting. Basil is a good companion for peppers, acting as a natural pest repellent.
  • Onions are a good companion for many vegetables: peppers, tomatoes, carrots, lettuce, brassicas, beans, and herbs.
  • Water the newly planted seedlings thoroughly and continue to water as needed.

8. Nurturing Your Onions and Peppers to Maturity:

  • Mulch around the base of your plants to help retain moisture and suppress weeds.
  • Water regularly, especially during dry spells, and fertilize every 4-6 weeks with a balanced fertilizer.
  • If you are building healthy soil, then a top-dressing of compost is all you need, once a season.
  • Watch for pests and diseases, and take appropriate measures to control them.
  • Harvest your peppers and onions when they reach maturity, and enjoy the fruits of your labor!

Conclusion: Peppers and Onions are Great Companions

Congratulations! You’ve successfully started pepper and onion seeds and nurtured them to maturity. With a little time and care, you can enjoy a bountiful harvest of homegrown peppers and onions to enjoy in your favorite recipes. They are great companions in the kitchen and in the garden. Happy gardening!

starting peppers and onions together

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